Gum disease, also commonly known as periodontal disease, is an inflammation of the gums and is caused primarily by the bacteria found in plaque. For those who don’t know, plaque is that colorless sticky film that constantly forms on your teeth. If the plaque isn’t removed by practicing proper oral hygiene, the bacteria can end up infection your gums, teeth and eventually, your gum tissue and bone that supports your teeth.
There are three different stages of periodontal disease: gingivitis, periodontitis, and advanced periodontists. Let’s take a deeper look into each of these three stages…
Gingivitis. The earliest stage of gum disease can be noticed due to inflamed gums, which is mainly due to plaque buildup. The infection can also cause the gums to bleed as well, which you may notice while you brush or floss your teeth. Gingivitis is the only stage of gum disease that is reversible, but only through dental care and by practicing proper oral hygiene at home.
Periodontitis. This is the stage where the damage is typically irreversible. Your gums start to form pockets below the gum line, where food and plaque can get trapped, which in turn will make the condition worse. With the help of professional cleanings and improved oral hygiene at home, you can help prevent further damage to your teeth and gums.
Advanced periodontitis. The final stage of gum disease can be diagnosed when the bacterial infection has not only affected your teeth but has destroyed the fibers and bone supporting your teeth. This can lead to your teeth shifting or loosening, affecting your bite. If treatment cannot save your teeth, they will have to be removed.
If you have questions or concerns regarding gum disease, contact Dr. Anthony Yamada, DDS at 310-546-2595 to schedule a consultation today, or visit www.anthonyyamadadds.com for additional information.
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